UGC NET Political Science Quiz for UGC NET / MCQ for UGC NET / JRF Paper 1 for All Competitive Exam (PGT Teacher, PGT Commerce, UGC NET/JRF, UKSSSC, DSSSB, CTET, PSU Accountant, IAS Exam, IBPS, SBI, PO/Clerk, LIC, RBI Assistant, LIC Assistant, IBPS Clerk, IBPS RRB Exams)
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Q1. Which one of the following statements is not true in case of Liberalism? A. Liberal thought focuses upon needs and interests of the ‘individual,’ rather than those of any group or ‘collective’. B. The liberals desire to create a society in which each individual is capable of developing and flourishing to the fullness of his or her potential. C. Liberals do not believe in universalism that individuals are all of equal moral worth. D. Individual liberty is for liberals the Supreme Political Value.
Ans: C Liberalism is a principle of politics which insists on ‘liberty’ of individual as the first and foremost goal of public policy. In fact, liberalism is not a fixed mode of thought, but an intellectual movement which seeks to accommodate new ideas in order to face new situations and new challenges. Liberalism tries to promote a society in which everyone is capable of developing and flourishing to the fullness of his or her potential.
Q2. The Theory of Modernization and decay is formulated by A. Rostow B. Pye C. Huntington D. Lipset
Ans: C Samuel Huntington has offered the Theory of Modernization and decay. According to this theory ‘political decay’ concern with decline in political order and undermining of the authority and legitimacy of government. Samuel Huntington described that in Asia, Africa and Latin America; the problem is not political development but political decay. In the words of Huntington “The rates of social mobilization and the expansion of political participation are high; the rates of political organization and institutionalization are low. The result is political instability and disorder.”
Q3. Which one of the following statements is not correct regarding Certiorari? A. A High Court can issue a writ against itself in its administrative capacity. B. A bench of a High Court can issue a writ to another bench of the same High Court. C. A High Court cannot issue a writ to another High Court. D. A High Court can issue certiorari to a tribunal situated within its jurisdiction.
Ans: B Certiorari is a type of writs issued by Supreme Courts and High courts in India for restoration of fundamental rights. Habeas corpus, mandamus, Prohibition and quo warranto are the other writs issued by Supreme Courts and High courts. Certiorari means ‘to be certified’ or ‘to be informed’. It is issued by a higher court to a lower court or tribunal either to transfer a case pending with the latter to itself or to squash the order of the latter in a case. It is issued on the grounds of excess of jurisdiction or lack of jurisdiction or error of law.
Q4. Who was the first President of India to make use of ‘Pocket Veto’? A. Zakir Hussain B. Sanjeeva Reddy C. R. Venkatraman D. Gyani Zail Singh
Ans: D President Gyani Zail Singh in 1986 exercised the power of pocket veto with respect to the Indian Post Office (Amendment) Bill. Pocket veto is about taking no action on the bill passed by the parliament. The President can exercise this veto power as the Constitution does not prescribe any time-limit within which he has to take the decision with respect to a bill presented to him for his assent.
Q5. Match the items of List – I with items of List – II by selecting the correct code : List – I (Authors) (a) Robert Dahl (b) S.M. Lipset (c) Schmittcarl (d) Roger Charlton List – II (Books) i. Legality and Legitimacy ii. Polyarchy: Participation And Opposition iii. Political Man iv. Political Realities : Comparative Government A. (a)- (ii) (b)- (iii) (c)- (i) (d)- (iv) B. (a)- (iii) (b)- (i) (c)- (iv) (d)- (ii) C. (a)- (i) (b)- (iv) (c)- (ii) (d)- (iii) D. (a)- (iv) (b)- (ii) (c)- (iii) (d)- (i)
Q6. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched? A. Administrative Law – France B. Appointment of Judges for life – Switzerland C. Equal Representation of States – USA in the House of Senate D. Rule of Law – England
Ans: B The explanation for the chosen option is: • Administrative law of France is the most important part of France’s public law which includes all the legal rules governing the administrative activities. • In United States (not in Switzerland) the federal judges have life tenure once appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. • In 1787, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia established equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives in the US.
Q7. Who was the author of the book “The Presidential Republic”? A. Jean Blondel B. Dorothy Pickles C. Walter Bagehot D. EH Carr
Ans: A ‘The Presidential Republic’ was written by Jean Blondel and was 1st published in 2015. In this book Blondel provide a historical and comparative study of presidential systems in the world. Book not only analyses evolution of presidential system in USA but but also include the study of Latin America, Africa and Former USSR as well.
Q8. Who of the following regard the Supreme Court of India as having a dual personality – a legal institution and a public institution? A. Granville Austin B. Upendra Baxi C. Madhav Khosla and Ananth Padmanabhan D. N. Robinson
Ans: C While analyzing the role of the Supreme court of India, Madhav Khosla and Ananth Padmanabhan had said, “over the time, the Supreme Court of India has evolved from being a court of law to a major institutional actor in the political arena”. They analyze this from the external and internal lens.
The external lens reveals the Court’s involvement in the legislative and executive domains of governance. The internal lens scrutinizes the Court’s success as a court of law and its capability to streamline the judicial process such that the judicial system lives up to the legitimate expectations of the litigant public. They also suggest important changes to the court’s functioning that can make it a more effective public institution.
Q9. The grounds on which President’s Rule has been imposed on the states in India are : (a) If no stable government can be formed. (b) If the Cabinet has lost majority and no other ministry commanding a majority in the Assembly can be formed at once. (c) If the state government does not obey the directives given by the Union government or breakdown of federal structure. (d) Corruption. Select the correct answer from the codes given below : A. (a) and (b) only B. (a), (b) and (c) only C. (a), (b) and (d) only D. (a), (b), (c) and (d)
Ans: D Article 356 of the Indian Constitution deals with the President’s rule or the state emergency. President’s rule can be imposed in a state if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen where the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the Constitution. This could be due to various reason such as a hung assembly, or when Cabinet failed to prove or lost majority.
Q10. Which of the following are true regarding a Unitary System of Government? (a) It is most effective in protecting the unity and integrity of the nation. (b) Power is delegated to the local units for administrative convenience. (c) There is single law making body. (d) The local administrative units do not derive their power from the Constitution. Choose the correct answer : A. (a) and (c) only B. (a), (b), (c) and (d) C. (c) and (d) only D. (b), (c) and (d) only
Ans: B In a unitary system, a state is governed as a single power in which the central government is supreme. For administrative convenience different territorial units can be created by union government but they are not provided by the constitution and hence can be abolished whenever needed.
Q11. Modernization is commonly understood as being analogous to : (a) Westernization (b) Europeanization (c) Rise of Nation State System (d) Industrialization Choose the correct answer from the below : A. (c), (d) B. (b), (c) C. (a), (b), (c) D. (a), (b), (c), (d)
Ans: D Modernization is a process of transformation from a traditional agrarian, rural to a modern, industrial and urban society. The trends in modernization are westernization, Europeanisation, rise of Nation state system, industrialization, Information and Communication technology and others.
Q12. Which of the following have been discussed as crisis of India’s national unity by Paul R. Brass in his book The Politics of India since Independence? (a) Punjab (b) The North East (c) Casteism (d) Kashmir Select the correct answer from the code given below : A. (a) and (d) only B. (b) and (c) only C. (a), (b) and (c) only D. (a), (b) and (d) only
Ans: D In Chapter 6 of his book, The Politics of India Since Independence (1993), Paul R. Brass gives an insight into the prolonged struggles of the people of Punjab, North-East and Jammu and Kashmir in the post independent India. The government has somewhat failed to satisfy the political aspirations of Sikhs in Punjab, tribal of North-East and the people of Kashmir.
Q13. Who among the following described bureaucracy as “The continental nuisance”? A. Max Weber B. Thomas Carlyle C. M. Crozier D. Karl Marx
Ans: B In 19th Century, British writer, Thomas Carlyle describe “bureaucracy a continental nuisance”. Thomas Carlyle criticize role of bureaucracy in the function of government. He was against the growing influence of bureaucracy.
Q14. Which Chapter of the United Nations deals with the ‘Pacific Settlement of Disputes’? A. Chapter II B. Chapter III C. Chapter IV D. Chapter VI
Ans: D – Chapter I of the charter states its purposes and principles and covers Art 1-2 – Chapter II of the charter is about membership and cover Art 3-6 – Chapter III of the charter states the Organs of UN and covers Art 7-8 – Chapter IV of the charter is about The General Assembly and covers Art 9-22 – Chapter IV of the charter explains the security council and covers Art 23-32 – Chapter VI of UN charter deals with Pacific Settlement of Disputes and covers Art 33-38
Q15. Which one of the following reflects the nicest, appropriate relationship between law and liberty? A. if there are inure laws, there is less liberty. B. If there are no laws, there is no liberty. C. If there is liberty, laws have to be made by the people. D. If laws are changed too often, liberty is in danger.
Ans: B ● The term ‘liberty’ means absence of restraints on the activities of individuals, and at the same time, providing opportunities for the development of individuals. ● However, liberty does not mean ‘license’ to do what one likes, and has to be enjoyed within the limitations mentioned in the Constitution and various laws. ● The concept of liberty is not absolute. Absense of laws does not ensure liberty.
Q16. Which of the following constitutional amendment acts deal with Anti Defection Law: 1) 52nd amendment 2) 61st amendment 3) 91st amendment 4) 92nd amendment Select the correct answer using the code given below: A. 1 only B. 2 only C. 1 and 3 only D. 1 and 4 only
Ans: C • The 52nd amendment to the Constitution had added the Tenth Schedule which laid down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection. • The 91st Amendment Act of 2003 omitted an exceptional provision in anti defection provisions i.e., disqualification on ground of defection not to apply in case of split.
Q17. Which of the following states is not under the administration of the 6th schedule? A. Assam B. Meghalaya C. Mizoram D. Manipur
Ans: D In the Lok Sabha, the number of reserved seats for the Scheduled Castes is 84, whereas the Scheduled Tribes have been given 47 reserved seats. The most reserved seats in the Scheduled Castes have been provided in Uttar Pradesh .
Q19. Consider the following committees and commissions regarding the evolution of states and union territories: 1) JVP Committee 2) Fazl Ali Commission 3) SK Dhar Commission What is the correct chronological order of the appointment of the commissions mentioned above? Select the correct answer using the code given below: A. 1, 2 and 3 B. 1, 3 and 2 C. 3, 1 and 2 D. 3, 2 and 1
Ans: C • SK Dhar Commission was appointed in 1948 to examine the feasibility of the idea of reorganization of states on linguistic basis. • In order to examine the whole question afresh, the GoI appointed another commission in 1948. It consisted of Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhai Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya (JVP Committee). • Fazl Ali Commission was appointed in 1953) Its other two members were KM Pannikkar and HN Kunzru.